Many people ask: "What makes diabetes mellitus from?" Anxious interest is quite understandable, because this pathology is characterized by a variety of types and affects people of different ages. According to world statistics, almost 7% of the world's population suffers from it. Causes of diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus is a pathology in which the concentration of glucose in the blood increases.
Category Types and types
During pregnancy in women, both the metabolism and the general hormonal level changes. The number of the most important indicators in this period includes the level of sugar, since its increase is a threat to the health of the mother and child. Knowing the symptoms of diabetes in pregnant women, you can minimize the risk of developing the pathological process and possible complications.
Gestational diabetes is the most common co-occurring illness that occurs during pregnancy. It sometimes goes asymptomatically, but don't let it fool you: this disease can lead to serious health problems for both the mother and the baby. Therefore, it is very important for women in the situation to monitor their blood sugar levels so as not to harm either the child or themselves.
Labile diabetes is the most problematic form of this disease. In translation, the term “labile” means “sliding”. Therefore, the disease can be called a separate form of classical diabetes. Changes in the level of glucose in this case can occur several times a day. It is this form that faces serious violations.
Infringement of water balance in the children's body, associated with improper production of the hormone vasopressin, called diabetes insipidus. In another way this disease can be called diabetes, it can occur at any age. But why does diabetes insipidus occur in children and how is the disease treated?
The diagnosis of “diabetes mellitus” is not yet a sentence, so you should not panic when it is detected. Get rid of this disease, unfortunately, will not work. But to adjust their health, seeking to approach the health of a healthy person, it is quite possible. Subject to a doctor’s prescribed diet, constant monitoring of sugar level and regular therapeutic procedures, the blood glucose level can approach the optimal one, resulting in a better state of health, giving the patient a chance to live a full, life without inconvenience.
Diabetes mellitus type II is a very common disease, mainly associated with obesity and not sparing neither women nor men. The development of obesity is often due to the modern lifestyle, the characteristic features of which are: Increased amount of carbohydrates in food. Wrong diet.
Today, diabetes is the most common endocrinological disease. It occurs due to insufficiency of the hormone of the pancreas. Pathology is considered severe. However, you can fight it. To do this, use drugs that stabilize the level of glucose in the blood.
The main symptoms of gestational diabetes in pregnant women, possible complications and ways to prevent them
One of the varieties of sugar disease, which is detected in women during the prenatal period, has been called gestational diabetes. Usually, the disease is diagnosed closer to the middle of pregnancy in every 5th woman in labor. Childbearing time - a huge burden on the female body. During this period, various diseases, including diabetes of pregnant women.
Causes and symptoms of type 2 diabetes. What is the difference between symptoms and type 1 diabetes?
Type II diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia - elevated plasma sugar levels. A distinctive feature of type 2 diabetes is the lack of direct dependence on insulin production. The hormone can be synthesized in an amount corresponding to the norm, but the interaction of insulin with cell structures is disturbed, as a result of which the substance is not absorbed.
What is dangerous gestational diabetes in pregnant women: the consequences for the child and the expectant mother
Due to hormonal changes, pregnancy is a frequent provocateur of imbalance in glucose metabolism in women. By causing insulin resistance, it leads to the development of gestational diabetes (GDM) in 12% of women. Developing after 16 weeks, gestational diabetes, whose effects on the fetus and the mother’s health can be very dangerous, causes severe consequences and death.
By the time they are diagnosed, in patients with type 1 diabetes, blood sugar is usually prohibitively high. Therefore, they experience the following severe symptoms: unexplained weight loss, constant thirst, and frequent urination. These symptoms become much easier, if not completely, as soon as the patient begins to receive insulin shots.
Diabetes is a serious risk factor for the future mother and child. Possible complications among others include miscarriages and even stillbirth. However, forewarned means armed, and if you carefully monitor your own well-being and follow the recommendations of your doctor, it is very likely that everything will be done without complications.
A pregnant woman, in order for her baby to develop well and be healthy, must eat a balanced diet. Therefore, during pregnancy, the consumption of certain foods must be reduced. The main items on the banned list are drinks and food containing artificial substitutes for natural sugar. An artificial substitute is a substance that makes food sweeter.
Diabetes insipidus is considered a so-called syndrome, which is caused by a lack of the hormone vasopressin in the human body. The latter is also called antidiuretic hormone. It is important to note that the symptoms of this disease are a violation of water metabolism. And they manifest themselves in the form of constant and persistent thirst, as well as simultaneously increased urination.
Insulin-dependent type of diabetes is some called steroid. Often it develops due to the presence of an increased amount of corticosteroids in the blood for a long time. These are hormones produced by the adrenal cortex. Symptoms and treatment of steroid diabetes need to know everyone who is faced with this type of disease.
Prediabetes is a pathological condition, when an increased concentration of glucose is determined in the blood due to the fact that the pancreatic gland cannot synthesize insulin in the required amounts. The disease can occur in both adults and pediatric patients. Doctors emphasize that prediabetes is a border process between the normal functioning of the body and the disease, whose name is diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a disease that occurs in the fair sex in the period of carrying a baby. During the examination, the doctor may find that the woman has not yet fully developed diabetes, but a worsened glucose tolerance. As a rule, this is called prediabetes state. Women in an interesting position significantly increase the concentration of sugar in the body after eating food, and before eating, there are no problems.
The probability of developing diabetes during pregnancy may be 4 cases out of 100. This type of disease will be called gestational diabetes. When it is revealed, it is mandatory to conduct additional monitoring of the state of health of the woman and her child, as well as appropriate medical treatment.
Steroid diabetes (secondary insulin-dependent) appears as a result of identifying a high content of corticosteroids in the blood, which remain there for a very long time. Very often it develops as a result of the appearance of serious complications of diseases in which there is an accelerated production of hormones.
Diabetes insipidus or urination of non-saccharine origin is an unbearable thirst due to an acute deficiency of vasopressin (a certain antidiuretic hormone), and the organs of the excretory system work in an intensive manner. As a result, the kidneys produce an impressive amount of low-concentrated urine.