Diabetes mellitus is an acquired or inherited metabolic disease, manifested by an increase in blood sugar levels, due to a lack of insulin in the body. Approximately every fourth person suffering from this disease, at the initial stage, does not even realize that he is sick.
Category Diabetic Eye Disease
Glaucoma is an increase in intraocular pressure. It leads to damage to the optic nerve, which transmits information from the eye to the brain. In diabetes, glaucoma occurs more often than in people with normal blood sugar. If it is not treated, atrophy of the optic nerve is possible, and the person will be completely blind.
Diabetic retinopathy - damage to the retinal vessels of the eyeball. This is a severe and very common complication of diabetes that can lead to blindness. Complications on vision are observed in 85% of patients with type 1 diabetes with an experience of 20 years or more. When they detect type 2 diabetes in people of middle and old age, in more than 50% of cases, they immediately detect lesions of blood vessels that feed the eyes.
A cataract is a disease of the eye that occurs because the lens becomes cloudy. With diabetes, the risk of cataracts increases significantly. If you really want to understand what a cataract is, then you can read how the human eye works. The eye lens cells, like brain tissue, absorb glucose from the blood without the help of insulin.