Hypoglycemia in diabetes mellitus: symptoms and treatment
Category Diabetes complications
In type 2 diabetes, the functioning of the whole organism is impaired and the circulatory system suffers first. Often affects the brain, heart, blood vessels and retina. Often, the symptoms of the disease are poorly expressed, so it is detected at a late stage, because of which complications develop, which can result in death.
The most common complication of diabetes is diabetic neuropathy. It is diagnosed in 30-50% of patients. Disorders of the vegetative and somatic systems, impaired sensitivity and nerve conduction can speak about its presence. What it is? Under diabetic neuropathy in medicine is commonly understood to mean the totality of syndromes of violation of the divisions of the autonomic nervous and peripheral systems.
The danger of diabetes is the complications that arise when a patient violates the basic rules of behavior recommended for the disease. One of these manifestations is hypoglycemia. This condition is characterized by a drop in the blood glucose level below acceptable values.
The appearance of skin rash with diabetes, photos of which can be seen on the Internet, is a fairly common symptom. However, when a person develops a rash, it is impossible to talk about the development of an illness, since the main signs of the disease must always be present - frequent urination and a feeling of thirst.
One of the major problems of our time is obesity in children and adolescents. Every day the number of such patients increases, and this is simply terrifying. To explain this trend is extremely simple, because the main cause of overweight is lack of physical activity, and poor diet.
In medical practice, reactive pancreatitis is a pathology (inflammation) of the pancreas, provoked by other diseases. The World Health Organization, in order to avoid confusion in the identification of diseases, introduced a single international classification of diseases - ICD-10 (tenth revision), consisting of 21 sections.
Damage to the joints in diabetes mellitus is a frequent occurrence. This complication requires urgent treatment, which not only slows down the process of destruction, but also allows to improve the overall condition of the musculoskeletal system. The leading causes of late diabetic complications, namely osteo-articular pathologies, lie in the constantly elevated level of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes occurs on the background of a failure in metabolic processes, in which the patient is constantly overestimated indicator of sugar in the blood. There are 2 leading forms of the disease. In the first case, the pancreas does not produce insulin, in the second - the hormone is produced, but it is not perceived by the cells of the body.
Diabetic angiopathy is a group of diseases associated with damage to the blood vessels and impaired blood circulation. The progression of diabetes mellitus gradually leads to the development of this pathology. First, the vascular tone decreases, the gaps in them narrow, and nutritional deficiencies occur. Late access to a doctor can lead to amputation and even death.
The pancreas is the largest organ that performs the function of both external and internal secretion. She is involved in the development of special enzymes that are involved in the breakdown of food and its speedy assimilation. It also produces insulin, thereby allowing you to regulate and maintain the normal level of sugar in the body.
Along with the age-related changes, the representatives of the stronger sex continually face serious health problems. As a rule, they can be triggered by leading a wrong lifestyle, the presence of extra pounds, stress and heredity. One of the rather serious and dangerous disorders is considered to be diabetes of the second type.
What is lactoacidosis and what symptoms does this complication have in diabetes mellitus - questions that can most often be heard from patients of an endocrinologist. The most frequently asked by this question are patients suffering from the second type of diabetes. Lactic acidosis in diabetes mellitus is a rather rare complication of the disease.
The negative impact of diabetes on the cardiovascular system is quite well studied. Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which functional and structural myocardial remodeling occurs. Vascular and heart pathologies are the main cause of death and disability in 80% of diabetics.
Many people complain that their throat often dries. Therefore, they are interested in the question of what can cause such a symptom and how to prevent it. In fact, the causes of this phenomenon are many. So, dry mouth often accompanies diseases of the digestive organs, nervous system, heart, metabolic and endocrine disorders.
In type 1 diabetes, abnormalities in the endocrine system occur. This condition is characterized by a lack of insulin, which is not produced by the pancreas in the required amount. As a result, the patient's sugar content in the blood rises, because of what he is rapidly losing weight and is constantly thirsty.
According to statistics, a rash in diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2 or other types of lesions on the skin are detected in 30-50 percent of cases. Usually the reason for this is a persistent metabolic disorder, an increase in blood glucose levels, and an accumulation of harmful substances in the body. The lesion is observed in the dermis, epidermis, inflamed follicle, sweat glands, connective tissues, blood vessels and nail plates are rarely broken.
Diabetes mellitus is dangerous not only by direct manifestation in the form of deterioration of health, but also by affecting the work of other organs. So, the defeat of the vascular system in the foot leads to the development of gangrene and cellulitis. Causes of development of phlegmon of the foot with diabetes mellitus. Phlegmon is an acute inflammation of the tissues that develops as a result of the ingress of pathogenic microorganisms.
Births in diabetes are determined individually, taking into account the characteristics of the course of the disease, its severity, the degree of compensation and the functional state of the developing fetus, as well as the presence of obstetric complications. The current level of development of medicine allows you to give birth with diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2, without passing the disease on to the developing fetus.
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease of the endocrine system. It develops due to the occurrence of disorders in the pancreas. At the moment, this ailment is one of the most acute medical and social problems, since it leads to early disability and death. The reason for this may be a disease of the cardiovascular system.