Cholesterol, also known as cholesterol, is necessary for the proper performance of many important tasks for the body, in particular, it participates in the synthesis of vitamin D. When doctors talk about elevated cholesterol, it is a high blood content of so-called “bad” cholesterol - low molecular weight lipoproteins, or LDL.
This viscous substance sticks in the vessels, blocking them with cholesterol plaques, which is very dangerous, as it can provoke a blood clot in the arteries, and this, in turn, often leads to death. This is why blood cholesterol needs to be checked from time to time. The most reliable way is to donate blood for analysis. Experts will test and report the exact result.
Faced with this problem, the patient can take vitamins in addition to treatment with medical drugs, which contribute to the normalization of LDL levels.
Cholesterol-lowering vitamins include:
- ascorbic acid;
- beta carotene (vitamin A);
- vitamins of groups B, E and F.
If you take these vitamins with elevated cholesterol in an amount at least not lower than the daily norm, you can hope not only for a significant reduction in "bad" cholesterol, but also to improve overall health, because the positive effect of vitamins is not limited to this problem.
They are involved in almost all processes of human life and therefore are used in the treatment of various diseases, even weakly related to each other.
There are two ways to take vitamins:
- Together with food containing them.
- In the form of drugs purchased in a pharmacy with or without a prescription.
The second method is recommended if a person has an impressive shortage of a certain vitamin in the body, or if it is necessary to urgently increase the level of its content. If everything is not so radical, then it is worth resorting to the first method.
Such a choice will not give an instant result, but it will bring significantly more benefits to the body, because even the most saturated with a particular vitamin products contain other substances necessary for health and life, for example, proteins and trace elements (zinc, iron, iodine and others).
Vitamin cocktail contains not only vitamins, and thus brings even more benefits.
The benefits of vitamins A and C with elevated cholesterol
When vitamin C and high cholesterol are opposed to each other, the latter turns out to be an unequal opponent. He simply has no chance against ascorbic acid - another name for this vitamin.
It is a very powerful antioxidant that regulates all redox processes in the body. Quickly and effectively normalizes cholesterol, prevents atherosclerosis, or at least to a certain extent reduces the risk of this dangerous effect of high LDL.
The recommended amount of vitamin C per day is 1 g. Of course, most of it is in citrus. In addition to the favorite oranges and mandarins, you can use fresh lemons and grapefruits - they are even more useful.
Grapefruits also attract women because they are effective fat burners. The concentration of ascorbic acid in strawberries, tomatoes and onions is also high, so it is worthwhile to increase their amount in the diet, not only for the treatment and prevention of the already mentioned health problems, but also for the general strengthening of the immune system.
Since childhood, all have been taught that vitamin A is good for sight. But few people realize that he is also able to reduce cholesterol levels.
Fresh high-fiber foods of plant origin inhibit the absorption of cholesterol by the intestinal walls.
Beta-carotene prevents the formation of cholesterol, and fiber absorbs all potentially harmful and dangerous substances and removes them from the body along with the rest of the waste.
Vitamin A and beta-carotene - its predecessor - also help the body get rid of free radicals.
Most of this vitamin is found in plant foods of warm (red and yellow) colors. It is best absorbed when there is enough vitamin E and selenium in the body - a trace element contained in legumes, mushrooms, meat, nuts, seeds, and some fruits.
For a person, 1 mg of vitamin A is considered the daily norm.
The benefits of vitamin B with elevated LDL
There are eight types of B vitamins, each of which plays an important role in the proper functioning of the human body.
Together, they normalize not only cholesterol, but also blood sugar.
In addition, they contribute to improving the functioning of the digestive tract and central nervous system.
In more detail about each vitamin of this group below:
- Thiamine (B1) actively affects the metabolism, prevents the development of atherosclerosis, and also acts as an enhancer of the antioxidant properties of other vitamins. However, all the potential benefits of thiamine can be negated by addiction to bad habits: coffee, smoking and alcohol block it and do not allow to show useful properties. Thiamine is found in legumes, potatoes, nuts and bran.
- Riboflavin (B2) is also indispensable for metabolism. It causes a sufficient amount of red blood cells in the blood, and also ensures the full and healthy functioning of the thyroid gland. Contained mainly in foods such as spinach or broccoli. The daily rate of riboflavin is 1.5 mg.
- Nicotinic acid (B3) does not interact with LDL, but instead contributes to an increase in blood levels of HDL - “good” cholesterol, which is equivalent to lowering “bad” cholesterol, as balance is restored. This drug is included in the complex treatment of atherosclerosis, because it dilates and cleans the blood vessels. Nuts, dried fruits, unprocessed rice, as well as poultry and fish are famous for their high nicotinic acid content. On the day you need to use 20 mg of this substance.
- Choline (B4) not only lowers the level of LDL in the blood, but also serves as a shield for cell membranes, improves metabolism and calms the nerves. Although the body synthesizes choline independently, but this amount is too small, therefore it is necessary to use it additionally with food. Egg yolk, cheese, tomatoes, legumes and liver can be called rich in choline. The body needs 0.5 grams of choline per day.
- Pantothenic acid (B5) helps to strengthen the immune system, and, like most of the vitamins of this group, is necessary for metabolism. Used to treat atherosclerosis, as well as for the prevention of this disease. Included in the fruit, legumes, whole grains, and seafood. A person needs to consume 10 mg of pantothenic acid per day.
- Pyridoxine (B6) is actively involved in the formation of antibodies and red blood cells. Also needed for the synthesis of proteins and amino acids. Lowers the risk of platelet sticking, thereby preventing the formation of blood clots. It promotes the treatment of atherosclerosis, it is accepted for its prevention. Contained in yeast, nuts, beans, beef and raisins.
- Inositol (B8) is involved in metabolic processes. It regulates cholesterol levels, normalizes cholesterol metabolism and participates in the onset of lipid metabolism. Just like his "brothers", is used for the prevention of atherosclerosis. Mostly synthesized by the body, but for its full functioning, it is necessary to use 500 mg of inositol per day.
The latter component is found mainly in fruits: oranges, melons, peaches, as well as cabbage, oatmeal and peas.
Action of vitamins E and F with high cholesterol
One of the most powerful antioxidants. In addition to the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, it can reduce the risk of cancer. Provides neutralization of free radicals in human blood.
Its fundamental difference from group B vitamins is that it is not synthesized by the body, therefore it must be supplied to the human body from the outside in a certain prescribed amount in order to promote its full functioning. Wheat sprouts contain the greatest amount of vitamin E, so it makes sense to put them in your diet, as well as sea buckthorn, vegetable oils, nuts, seeds and lettuce. If this is not enough, the doctor may prescribe an additional vitamin intake for diseases that require it.
Vitamin F is found in the composition of mainly vegetable oils. It has the ability to reduce blood cholesterol levels, prevent the development of atherosclerosis and the formation of blood clots in blood vessels. Inclusion in the diet of soybean, sunflower and corn oils will help to saturate the body with this vitamin and take another step in the fight against high cholesterol.
What do vitamin D and cholesterol have in common? Nothing, if we talk about the normalization of cholesterol in the blood. They are related in another way: cholesterol helps the body produce this vitamin, so sometimes by its amount in the human body, it is possible to determine the level of lipid.
What else can you do to lower cholesterol?
In addition to vitamins, many other substances and elements can reduce the content of LDL in the blood.
In order to use all possible methods suitable for a particular patient, you must first consult with your doctor. But for greater certainty, you can eat more blue, red and purple fruits, fish with Omega-3 fats, foods containing magnesium, dark chocolate and hibiscus tea, as well as reduce sugar intake.
However, it is indisputable that it is easier and less dangerous to prevent the increase in cholesterol and the development of atherosclerosis than to fight it for a long time and with varying success. What are the reasons for increasing LDL cholesterol?
The most common causes are the following:
- overweight or obesity;
- passive lifestyle;
- lack of balanced nutrition;
- prolonged alcohol abuse;
- liver and kidney disease;
It is noticeable that most of these reasons are the result of a wrong way of life and the result of a person’s choice.
The man himself decides how to live, what to eat and what kind of rest to take.
Therefore, he is not only responsible for his high cholesterol, but is also able to correct the situation himself, before it is too late, and to prevent this problem on his own even in her germ.
To do this, you just need to eat right, move and go to a doctor in time if something is bothering you. Such tactics will eliminate not only the problem with cholesterol, but in general most of the health problems.
How to stabilize lipid metabolism is described in the video in this article.